The Republic of Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest.
The population is estimated to be around 15 million (2015). There are an estimated 70 different languages (Bembe being the first language for 33.4%, Nyanja 14.7% and Tonga 11.4%), although this includes different dialects. The total population life expectancy is 52 years (2015). The physician density is 0.17 physicians/1,000 population.